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What is the Ganga Water Treaty, over which the Center and the Mamata government are again at loggerheads?

Nita Yadav

By Nita Yadav

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PM Modi, Mamata Banerjee

The Center and the Mamata government have once again come face to face over the Ganga water treaty. The Center has rejected Mamata Banerjee’s claim that West Bengal was left out of the process. The central government says that West Bengal was consulted to review the Ganga water treaty with Bangladesh. In such a situation, let us tell you what is the Ganga Water Treaty, over which the Center and the Mamata government have once again come face to face.

What is the Ganges Water Treaty?

First know about Ganga Water Treaty. India constructed the Farakka Barrage on the Ganges River in 1975. Bangladesh opposed this. After this, in 1996, the Ganges Water Treaty was signed between the two countries. This treaty was only for 30 years. The treaty between the two countries is expiring next year (2026). But recently PM Modi said that he will talk about this again.

Farakka Barrage is in Murshidabad district of West Bengal. The water flow in this dam is low from January to May. Under the Ganga Water Treaty between India and Bangladesh in 1996, the Padma River receives water from the Ganga River. The purpose of this treaty was to prevent water-related tensions between the two countries. At that time the then PM of India HD Deve Gowda and Sheikh Hasina signed this agreement.

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Center and Mamata government face off again on pact

The Center and the Mamata government have once again come face-to-face over this treaty. West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee recently wrote a letter to PM Modi. In this letter, he claimed that the decision to initiate talks for the renewal of the Ganges Water Treaty was unilateral. Mamata requested PM Modi that no such discussion should be held with Bangladesh without involving the West Bengal government.

However, Mamata’s claim was rejected by the Center which said that the state was not consulted on the treaty. Central government sources said that on July 24 last year, a representative of the West Bengal government was asked to be included in the committee for internal review of the treaty.

PM Modi will again renew the Ganga Water Treaty

Prime Minister Modi on Saturday announced that India and Bangladesh will begin technical-level talks to renew the 1996 treaty. In fact, Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina came to India to attend the swearing-in ceremony of the Modi government’s third term. This was PM Modi’s first state visit in his third tenure.

The Indian Ministry of External Affairs said that during this period, India and Bangladesh agreed to form a joint technical committee for the renewal of the Ganges Water Treaty. It was also agreed that India will do the work of conservation and management of Teesta river. In fact, Bangladesh has been consistently demanding equal water sharing of the Teesta River on the lines of the 1996 Ganga Water Treaty.

Nita Yadav

Nita Yadav

I am Nita Yadav, specializing in writing about politics and breaking national news. My focus is on delivering insightful and timely perspectives on these crucial topics, aiming to inform and engage my readers effectively.

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