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Reservation quota: 50 percent reservation is imposed from Maharashtra to Bihar; so why is Tamil Nadu an exception?

Pratik Mehta

By Pratik Mehta

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There is a constant demand to increase the limit of caste-based reservation in the country. Many castes now want the protection of reservation. They want to take advantage of reservation in education and government jobs. But on Thursday, Patna High Court once again proved that the line of reservation cannot be crossed. Nitish Kumar government has suffered a major setback. Nitish Kumar government had decided to increase the limit of reservation in the state to 65 percent. They had crossed the 50 percent limit of caste-based reservation. Patna Court declared this type of contract-based reservation unconstitutional and cancelled it. But in Tamil Nadu, the limit of caste-based reservation is 69 percent. Why this exception? Many people have this question in their mind.

Why is Tamil Nadu an exception?

According to the court’s decision, the reservation limit cannot be increased beyond 50 percent. Such attempts have been made by many states before. They did not stand the test of law. But in Tamil Nadu, the limit of caste-based reservation has been 69 percent for the last 35 years. In 1992, in the Indira Sahni case, the Supreme Court increased the limit of caste-based reservation to 50 percent.

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Till 1971, the reservation limit in Tamil Nadu was 41 percent. Annadurai died. Karunanidhi became the Chief Minister. He set up the Sattanath Commission. As per the recommendations of the commission, it increased the OBC reservation from 25 percent to 31 percent. The SC-ST quota was also increased from 16 percent to 18 percent. Thus, the total reservation limit in the state reached 49 percent. In 1980, the AIADMK government increased the reservation for backward classes to 50 percent. Thus, the total reservation in the state reached 68 percent. Further, after the Madras High Court verdict, in addition to the 18 percent SC reservation, the ST quota was fixed at 1 percent. The reservation limit in Tamil Nadu was increased to 69 percent.

Reservation got protection of law

In 1992, in the Indira Sawhney case, the Supreme Court increased the limit of caste-based reservation to 50 percent. This caused an earthquake in Tamil Nadu. At that time, Jayalalitha was the Chief Minister of the state. She immediately called a special session of the Legislative Assembly in November 1993. The proposal to retain the reservation limit was passed by majority. She met the then Prime Minister Narasimha Rao with this proposal. This amended reservation act was inserted in the 9th Schedule. Cases of the 9th Schedule are not heard in the court. Therefore, the reservation limit in Tamil Nadu is still an exception.

Pratik Mehta

Pratik Mehta

I am Pratik Mehta, a passionate business news writer dedicated to covering economic trends, market analysis, and corporate developments.

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